Historical Facts about Alabama

  1. 54-mile march from Selma to Montgomery
  2. A fantastic meteor shower causes this night to be known as "the night stars fell on Alabama."
  3. Alabama Coal Mining Company begins first systematic underground mining in the state near Montevallo.
  4. Alabama Insane Hospital established at Tuscaloosa;
  5. Alabama Public School Act creates first state-wide education system by providing funding for schools
  6. Alabama School for the Deaf founded in Talladega;
  7. Alabama Senator Hugo Black appointed by President Franklin Roosevelt to the U.S. Supreme Court.
  8. Alabama Territory is created
  9. Alabama formally adopts a state flag
  10. Alabama gold rush
  11. Alabama's 167th Regiment, a part of the 42nd "Rainbow Division," serves at the front longer than any U.S. regiment.
  12. Alabama's Constitution of 1875 is ratified
  13. Alabama's Heather Whitestone serves as first Miss America with a disability.
  14. Alabama's first railroad, the Tuscumbia Railway
  15. Area's first steamboat, constructed in St. Stephens.
  16. Army Ballistic Missile Agency established at Huntsville's Redstone Arsenal.
  17. Battle of Hobdy's Bridge last Indian battle in Alabama
  18. Battle of Mobile Bay
  19. Bell Factory (Madison County), state's first textile mill, chartered by legislature.
  20. Birmingham bombings of Civil Rights-related targets
  21. Birmingham native Condoleezza Rice is appointed National Security Advisor to President George W. Bush
  22. Birmingham was founded on June 1, 1871
  23. Boll Weevil, insect destroyer of cotton, enters state from Mississippi border.
  24. Booker T. Washington speech to Atlanta Cotton States and International Exposition urges racial accommodation
  25. Cahaba designated by the territorial legislature as Alabama's state capital.
  26. Capital moved to Tuscaloosa.
  27. Cedar Creek Furnace, the state's first blast furnace and commerical pig-iron producer
  28. Center of the American Civil Rights Movement
  29. Compromise of 1850
  30. Constitutional Convention meets in Huntsville and adopts state constitution.
  31. Convict lease system ended in Alabama.
  32. Creek Indian War, a part of the War of 1812, fought largely within the boundaries of present-day Alabama
  33. Daniel Pratt establishes cotton gin factory north of Montgomery
  34. Dr. James Marion Sims, "the Father of Modern Gynecology," establishes medical practice in Mt. Meigs
  35. East Alabama Male College established at Auburn by Methodists; evolved into Auburn University.
  36. First African-American flying unit in the U.S. military were trained in Alabama
  37. First African-American male with a weekly network television series
  38. First legislature of the Alabama Territory convenes at the Douglass Hote
  39. First state to declare Christmas a legal holiday
  40. Flowers is the first African American to win a gold medal in a winter olympics.
  41. Football and baseball star, Vincent Edward "Bo" Jackson was born in Bessemer. Jackson won the Heisman Trophy in 1985 and was the first professional athlete to be named an all star in two major sports.
  42. General Richard Taylor surrenders last sizable Confederate force at Citronelle, Mobile County
  43. German steel manufacturer ThyssenKrupp AG announces it will invest nearly $4 billion in plant construction in Mobile County
  44. Harper Lee of Monroeville wins the Pulitzer Prize for To Kill A Mockingbird
  45. Helen Keller is born in Tuscumbia
  46. Huntsville Normal and Industrial School chartered
  47. Huntsville-built "Jupiter" rocket places American satellite in orbit around Earth.
  48. Hyundai broke ground in Montgomery, Alabama for its first U.S. automobile assembly plant
  49. Indian Removal Act
  50. James Rapier of Lauderdale County elected to U.S. Congress, one of three African American congressmen elected from Alabama during Reconstruction
  51. January 11, 1861, the State of Alabama adopted the ordinances of secession
  52. Joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819
  53. Judson Female Institute, a Baptist college, opens in Marion;
  54. Kathryn Thornton, a native of Montgomery and graduate of Auburn University, becomes the first woman to fly on a military space mission on the Space Shuttle Discovery.
  55. LaGrange College chartered by legislature
  56. Lawrence County native Jesse Owens wins his first gold medal at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin
  57. Le Moyne brothers, Iberville and Bienville, establish French fort and settlement, Fort Louis de la Mobile
  58. Legislature charters Athens Female Academy, which later becomes Athens State University.
  59. Legislature elects William Rufus King and John W. Walker as Alabama's first U.S. senators.
  60. Legislature selects Montgomery as new capital;
  61. Lurleen Wallace inaugurated as state's first woman governor
  62. Martin Luther King Jr, of Atlanta is installed as minister of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery
  63. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail" is issued to the public
  64. Montgomery Bus Boycott
  65. Montgomery, was the Confederacy's first capital
  66. National Baptist Convention (African-American Baptists) organized at Montgomery
  67. Newspapers established in Mobile and Huntsville
  68. Nine black youths, soon to be known as the Scottsboro Boys, are arrested in Paint Rock and jailed in Scottsboro
  69. On the thirtieth anniversary of statehood the capitol in Montgomery is destroyed by fire.
  70. Oscar Adams was elected to the Alabama Supreme Court, becoming the first African American elected to statewide constitutional office in Alabama.
  71. Played a key role in the American Civil War
  72. President George W. Bush awards To Kill A Mockingbird author Harper Lee the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian award
  73. President Monroe signs the Alabama enabling act.
  74. Rousseau's Raid through north and east-central Alabama
  75. Schools established at St. Stephens and Huntsville
  76. Sculptor Guiseppe Moretti created an iron statue of Vulcan
  77. Spanish capture Mobile during American Revolution
  78. Spanish surrender Mobile to American forces
  79. State prison established by legislature; first convict incarcerated in 1842
  80. Streight's Raid in north Alabama
  81. Talladega Speedway opens with its first running of the Talladega 500
  82. Tens of thousands of African Americans migrated north from Alabama in the Great Migration
  83. Territorial governor William Wyatt Bibb is elected the state's first governor
  84. The Alabama Girls' Industrial School opens its doors as the first state-supported industrial and technical school devoted to training girls to make a living.
  85. The Alabama Shakespeare Festival began as a summer stock program in Anniston
  86. The Alabama Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville is dedicated
  87. The Alabama Supreme Court, composed of Alabama's circuit court judges, convenes for the first time.
  88. The Civil War begins when Confederates fire at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, acting upon instructions telegraphed from Montgomery
  89. The Dixiecrat Convention assembles in Birmingham, with over 6,000 delegates from across the South in attendance
  90. The Freedom Riders arrive at the Greyhound bus terminal in Montgomery where they are attacked by an angry mob
  91. The State of Alabama granted Hunt Oil Company a permit to drill the A.R. Jackson Well No. 1 near Gilbertown
  92. The first Auburn/Alabama football game is played in Birmingham's Lakeview Park
  93. The first southern team to be honored with an invitation to the Rose Bowl
  94. The steamboat Harriet reaches Montgomery after ten days of travel from Mobile
  95. U.S. Army Lieutenant John McClary takes possession of Fort St. Stephens from the Spanish, and the United States flag is raised for the first time on soil that would eventually belong to Alabama
  96. University of Alabama formally opens its doors.
  97. Until 1832, there was only one party in the state
  98. Vivian Malone and James Hood register for classes as first African-American students.
  99. Wilson's Raid through north and central Alabama
  100. Wright Brothers, Orville and Wilbur, establish "flying school" on land outside Montgomery

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